Forum Replies Created
April 1, 2019 at 8:46 #3726
If you check out my profile I had already linked my LinkedIn profile.
Have a nice day!
FrancescaMarch 12, 2019 at 21:38 #3567
12 March 1989 – 12 March 2019 : 30th anniversary of World Wide Web invented by Tim Berners-Lee.
With his World Wide Web foundation, he wants to make an impact on our society since he sees lots of dysfunctions and negativities on the web. The web foundation works with governments, companies and citizens to build a new contract for the web.
As he wrote down in his beautiful letter: “And most important of all, citizens must hold companies and governments accountable for the commitments they make, and demand that both respect the web as a global community with citizens at its heart. If we don’t elect politicians who defend a free and open web, if we don’t do our part to foster constructive healthy conversations online, if we continue to click consent without demanding our data rights be respected, we walk away from our responsibility to put these issues on the priority agenda of our governments.”
All of us, not only companies and governments, need to work together to get the web we want! #fortheweb
Ps: thanks guys for all the articles and everything you shared, I will give it a look and then come back to it. The last two themes are not so easy to face and to “digest”..
FrancescaMarch 8, 2019 at 11:57 #3552
Thank you @marcopastore for these two crucial topics! I was at Impactschool event last Tuesday, and we talked about genetic editing using these (and other) articles. Besides the interesting discussion on peer review, that is obviously basilar for every study in order to be valid and safe for humanity, and since you @davidetoniolo explained perfectly the point, the main focus to me is the ethical side.
Assume that this specific study and implementation on a newborn is scientifically correct (we know that it’s not, because there’s a lot to improve and moreover lots of experts admit that is incorrect and should not be applied for the modification of the human genome) but what about ethics?
At first sight I can assume that the process of eliminate diseases and “imperfections” to become stronger and stronger it’s a right for everyone, but thinking about it more deeply, I agree with Paolo Benanti: “In this case, however, the researcher hopes that the gene on which he has intervened, is really connected only to the possibility of getting sick of this disease and that it has no other effects on the development of the person. We do not have the guarantee that this intervention produces these effects or that it produces only these effects” and “What we must ask ourselves is whether this genetic modification cannot be a new form of slavery and predetermination, because in fact, we are the ones who write in the genetic history of an individual what will be his future. This deprives him of a fundamental characteristic, which is freedom.”
The second quote is fundamental: do we have the right to write the history of an individual? The line that determines what is wrong and what is right is very thin. I believe that is a sort of hacking of fate. Even in the case that the study is correct, we do not know if this modification could affect on the personality and singularity of that person. See what is happening in Iceland, down syndrome is disappearing because almost 85% of women decide to take the prenatal screening test that determines whether the fetus will have a chromosome abnormality or not. The majority of women decides to have an abortion. I believe that is a very fragile theme, but connected to genetic modification: do we have the right to insert in this process of modification?
In conclusion I have more questions than answers (and I am in the middle, I try to think about all the pros and the cons of both sides) because this issue is very difficult to determine and to state what is wrong and right. Surely the debat will be developed during these years, but I repeat that it’s not so simple to come to a conclusion.
About biohacking, there’s the problem of speading contents and so on, online, free to the public. In this article there are several biohackers mentioned, and you can look at lots of videos of them speaking and explaining what they do. But I retain, as written in the article, that they have to be careful about how much of their risky experiments they choose to put online, because some people could be affected by them and could underestimate the risks. “Look out! Don’t do this at home”.
Give a look at this company, VivoKey, they produce chips to be placed under skin in order to replace keys, badges and so on (their website gives zero information)… A question has come into my mind: how about security? A chip could be hacked as other devices…..
Have a nice weekend!
FrancescaMarch 4, 2019 at 19:40 #3533
Hi everybody! How many hot topics have we developed?!
I want to focalize the attention on sustainability!
Surely sustainability (now referring only to environment. The theme embraces three pillars: economic, social and environmental) is a hot topic during these years. It’s a side of everyone’s life because we can not avoid world and nature distruction any more! We are actors in this process of awareness and we are actors in order to spread and implement new ways to act, to respect nature and animals, the world in general, since we have only this house!
I’m glad to see that there are several applications (maybe lots of ideas at the first step) of AI on the environment, looking in a sustainable way. AI applications for sustainability are not so widespread, and they are early stage, but surely they will be implemented more and more in the long-medium term.
For example this utility company Xcel Energy has started reducing its emissions of nitrous oxide (that they produce by burning coal and which is dangerous for the ozone layer) from AI because it has equipped its smokestacks with neural networks. It works as a sort of human brain: it can quickly analyze the data that results from the complex dynamics of coal combustion. It then can make highly accurate recommendations about how to adjust the plant’s operations to reduce nitrous oxide emissions and operate at peak efficiency. Here’s the various graphs that show how much the emissions are reduced.
Coming back to the others two pillars: economic and social, we were talking a lot about the problem of unemployment that could derive from AI, and how companies are reacting to this phenomenon? This Accenture’s research from 2017, identified 5 main steps to change approach in order to implement AI in all processes and businesses: to have a new perspective, to recognize the best fitting data, to combine solutions, to project technology for people and to re-think the outsourcing. These are in my opinion fundamental steps to change direction and to innovate towards technology in general but specifically in terms of AI.
Not leaving Accenture’s forecasts: here’s the 2019 technology trends. We see the top five and among them there are DARQ technologies (distributed ledger technology (DLT), artificial intelligence (AI), extended reality (XR) and quantum computing): 89% of businesses are already experimenting with one or more DARQ technologies, expecting them to be key differentiators.
We can easly look at this graph and state that AI has the greatest impact!!
And the other 4 trends are hot topics too (but I do not want to annoy all of you and you can read the 4s in the article above)
Thanks @peppuz for your articles especially the one of “Adnauseam” I think that the name has been chosen not only for the latin meaning but also because of AD (what they do, in fact), that’s a beautiful one! Regarding to Apple’s update of Safari I am skeptical as you with their “security improvement”.. Ad Blockers need to work hard to restore their position.
Have a nice evening,
FrancescaMarch 1, 2019 at 15:27 #3519
@gianlucabelloni I do not think that by the end of the year these self-driving cars will be ready… But surely there will be innovations since Tesla and especially the person of Elon Musk are always at the top. And about the control of the police over self-driving cars, I totally agree with @serenavineis.
@davidetoniolo happy to see that someone knows these companies! I personally bought some bracelets from 4Ocean and I firmly believe in their work. It’s obvious that not all of them could be helped with our donations (we are not billionaires) but if everyone chooses a charity/enviromental friendly/ecc organization to support it, maybe our action won’t be only a drop in the ocean but something more. Not only with ocean pollution but the theme should be enlarged to other environments and the world in general.
It would be a great step forward the duo: AI and sustainable development. In 2015 the United Nations declared the sustainable development goals in order to achieve them by 2030.
In this article (thanks to the work of the top consulting firm McKinsey) it is said that there are several cases for AI’s potential or actual uses for improving and achieving the SD Goals. Especially in this paper work, there are lots of examples in reality, social ones in particular. Surely AI could be give a boost to these themes but I retain that the world needs more responsibility itself because only AI could not solve all our problems, we should be aware of our problems and then trying to solve them with or without AI. But if we are not aware of them, we won’t be useful at all, even with the potential help of AI.
@valentina what are you talking about has nothing to do with hidden-city ticketing but it derives from politics of price made by airlines and based on several factors as the time when you buy the ticket, the device from which you search for the ticket and so on. These are tricks that are used thanks to algorithms that use and match big data (as the position of the buyer, the time, the device…) in order to fix the maximum price. They are all made to maximize profit for airlines but in effect there are not so ethical…
I want to share with you this fresh new project that involves AI: ChatterPal. Who uses this software on his website has 3D avatars that give information to the clients 24/7/365, always! In this way they claim that the bounce rate would be eliminated because customers felt connected to this and had access to information straight away in real-time. This is a sort of customer care but all automatized without human interaction (not real agents). What do you think? This is a real innovation in order to collect data from customers automatically and without any effort.
FrancescaFebruary 24, 2019 at 10:52 #3477
@jessinthebox96 I have already heard about GAN and art: it is so odd to me to believe a thing like this, I do not retain that this will be the next art movement because more than artists, people who use these algorithms are programmer, where’s all the human creativity?! I won’t buy a painting made by AI (and moreover they are too expensive). As @serenavineis I’ve seen Obama’s video at one of IBicocca event by Impactscool. As you are writing, this is a way to spread fake news but also criminals can benefit from this in order to create false passports and other official documents. I hope that even police will create methods to recognize these violations. At the moment I found out VeryPol, a system created by the collaboration between Wales and Spanish researchers that identifies principally false statements. Maybe we will see something similar in order to recognize false photo identities.
There’s a legal theme connected to AI and art: copyright. Who is going to be the recipient, the programmer/artist or the machine? Now it’s the programmer/artist, but who knows in the future, perhaps we will see machines as recipients.
In addition to everything that @jessinthebox96 said about Huawei, here’s the preview of the Mobile World Congress in Barcellona. The official event is taking place today at 2 pm. So we will see if Huawei with Mate X is really going to present this smartphone that is foldable but also has 5G (it would be the first smartphone on the market with these two charateristics together) since someone spoilered this photo:
In conclusion, Samsung has opened a new era of competition among the biggest companies (Xiaomi, Huawei, Apple…). I’m sure that all of them are going to do their best to produce the best smartphone, also in terms of price since this is a real matter of fact: people are willing to pay more if the product is real the best. If there are competitors with a good product that costs less, maybe lots of people switch to this company. It will take time for these companies to generate attractive user experiences (at the moment none of us can test these foldable smartphones).
Here you can see the last trend of 2018 by Gartner where Xiaomi and Huawei are grown and Samsung declined. What is going to happen in 2019? I think that Huawei is going to grow and grow, more than Samsung!
Have a nice weekend
FrancescaFebruary 21, 2019 at 11:19 #3467
Thank you @gianlucabelloni for mentioning revenue management systems because this is a technology that thanks to Machine learning algorithms will be enhanced in the near future. But one month ago I read an article on Corriere della Sera which explained the “hidden-city ticketing”: this is phenomenon derives from bias of algorithms on airlines websites. In a nutshell, if you have to go from Bologna to Paris, direct flight costs 300 euro but if you book Bologna-Paris-Copenaghen you will pay 130 euro. That results in 55% discount. Everyone would book the last option, but obviously not going from Paris to Copenaghen.
This phenomenon is very common in USA and there are sites as Skiplagged that automatized this. Airlines claim they are in effect being deprived both of revenue from travel to the passenger’s intended destination and the ability to sell the seat that’s been skipped. In reality, Lufthansa is claming about 2300 dollar in damages (the process is still open but at the first istance Lufthansa lost) to a passenger that used the “hidden-city ticketing”. The problem is, as usual, that there still has not been implemented a clear law in order to react to this phenomenon. It is legal or illegal? It’s an open debate..
@danielafiorellino your article about differences between USA and China is really on topic and it gives us the opportunity to reflect more. The main and maybe more important difference is that USA is capitalist and China is Communist. People have very different and opposite cultures since that. But since globalization has grown, everyone can see different perspective of life, laws and so on. I’m sure that in this way, lots of people have started thinking if their Country’s culture and laws are right or not for them. It’s a matter of perspectives: every Country has its own charateristics and everyone can assume what is best for himself/herself. Not every USA citizen is happy with Trump politics but even not every China citizen is happy with Jinping politics. At a global level there’s the need to create a sort of supranational regulation in order to merge USA and China quotes on Privacy, for example. We need to respect China’s culture but as we are on the other side, we should state that China is not respecting people at all, privacy is a controlled commodity and it’s not a real freedom for citizens.
Regarding “fake moon” I think that it’s a dangerous idea for animals and nature in general. If it was done properly it would be a problem for the environment. But also, in real terms, how could they reduce costs for lighting since the light of the moon (if the fake moon is exactly as the real moon) is not so powerful and bright? I mean that it would be very very very darker than now, without artificial lighting. And in order to use this fake moon, this moon will be very birght to give the same result. This project seems very weird to me.
Last but not least this fresh news about AI in Italy (Osservatorio AI Politecnico). Seeing the occupational side, this trend is not so positive at the moment, and also italian companies are not so expert in this topic, they tend to listen to media’s information. We are only at the beginning!
Have a good day,
FrancescaFebruary 18, 2019 at 19:51 #3460
Thank you @peppuz you’re still got it! Explanations on LBPH were really easy to understand! And crazy the site “this person doesn’t exist!”
@valentina thanks for sharing the dates of Milano Digital Week! Maybe we could go all together if there’s the opportunity and if there are interesting topics!
@davidetoniolo the Dunning – Kruger effect is something I have always believed in because I know lots of people secure and almost arrogant but in fact they do not know nothing. Someone who is a real expert on a specific topic is humble and not so arrogant.
The paradox of Socrates “I know that I know nothing” is an example of that. He was so experienced in so many fields and we are still learning from his thoughts and studies but he was conscious of the fact that so many things would have been found out.
And here’s another paradox: the best way to make people aware of their errors and their ignorance is to let them more experts on a specific topic.
As @serenavineis pointed out, a system of recognition of Fake News would be surely a solution (this is not really a solution for arrogant people… even if this is a moral and ethical issue, not so digital) but if there’s on the opposite a company that settles algorithms in order TO CREATE fake news, that is bad. And moreover this company was baked by Elon Musk…
The problem with China is that with domination of AI the result will be on military and geopolitical fields, with so many negative consequences. China is developing its AI knowledge since they do not respect privacy, we had already talked about this. It’s obvious that they could be more developed in 2030 because of this. Another “paradox” is that Google has always been connected with chinese companies but today, it admits that their technologies will not be used in military operations, so what we are talking about?!
Regarding with Tourism 4.0 here’s a project developed in Slovenia that is going to be widespread, I want you to give a look at it. It’s an opportunity for all people working in this sector to contribute to innovate and to create together solutions in order to “to enable travel experiences be more efficient, safer, greener and less hassle while optimizing journey times, and minimizing costs for travelers”.
FrancescaFebruary 14, 2019 at 21:48 #3450
thanks @danielafiorellino for sharing these videos! The real interesting thing is that despite all the conversation about the ethical problem, the paradox is that everyone does not want to buy a driveless car if the car is not going to save his/her own life instead of minimizing harm of people involved.
This is simply instinct for survival, we are not ready to let someone decide our survival or our death based on tests (like the Moral Machine one) and interests of lobbies. But as all innovations and inventions, at the beginning are always difficult to accept and there’s a phase of approval where lots of problem spring up and then are resolved. We will be a sort of “guinea pig” in order to test this innovation.
Regarding Asimov laws, here’s a video from “Bicentennial Man” (we have already cited this movie) where he enunciates the three laws!
Starting again with Facial Recognition, one of the latest news is that Apple owns a patent that (if developed and implemented) will use FR and fingerprints to unlock cars. But this is maybe a result of the autonomous division of Apple dedicated to self-driving cars Project Titan (here’s explained clearly all the process of creation of the project) that has been always hidden to the public, a sort of “secret”.
Can we say that in this case our privacy will be more protected (since Apple is more secure in terms of privacy than other companies)? And moreover… Is Apple going to rise its prices in order to gain more clients interested in privacy? What is going to happen?
FrancescaFebruary 13, 2019 at 20:37 #3443
Sorry for double posting but is not so clear the format of the last part…. I was saying that:
Intesa San Paolo and the Ministry of Cultural Heritage and Activities have signed a plan for the period: 2017-2022. The major objectives are:
1) Innovation, integration and specialising of National Supply
2) Expanding competitiveness of tourism system;
3) Developing marketing (this is a great point for Italy, we need to use advanced marketing strategies based also on Social Networks);
4) Efficient Governance in order to elaborate a tourist politic (that is unfortunately a huge problem since we switch Government almost every year and there’s a lack of continuity. I always hope that at least in this crucial sector for our Country there will be a common ground – if the Government will change…)
FrancescaFebruary 13, 2019 at 20:32 #3442
First of all thanks @peppuz for Telegram’s group. Let’s go, everyone needs to join!
@jessinthebox96 your point of view is one of those I agree on. Since RF-pose is born to be used in health care, this is not unprobable that it would be developed and applicated into driveless cars! But even if you’re right saying that this test is too polarizing, I retain that the Moral Test has been made in order to decide in a situation where is not possible to avoid a car accident. And so, in that eventual (but even a little probable – there’s always a moment in life where you choose between 2 or more options but there are all harmful and catastrophic) situation, what would the car act? We need to decide in advance, at the moment (as @davidetoniolo pointed out), but in the future probably AI will let cars think and do something without human constrictions and who knows the consequences of that! Perhaps cars will act better than a person.
@jessinthebox96 super into the topic with your university research group! Very interesting issue becuse it is a big problem for companies that need to catch this phenomenon to dominate it and to convert it into a positive process, into an opportunity! I agree with you on the fact that if Zuckerberg succeeds in this merge, we will be attacked and bombarded with tons of customized ADS…. my gosh not so an happy perspective for us…. But obviously very remunerative for companies of course!
Regarding <span style=”text-decoration: underline;”>Tourism 4.0</span>, surely the implementation of AI into this sector will lead to more competition among hotels, but this will give to consumers better quality services but also (and really important) will cause a decline of prices since there are lots of competitors. We will have a vast choice of accomodations, with the most different customized services. As @serenavineis pointed out, there’s surely a sort of embarass in being received by a robot receptionist but I believe that it is a sort of habit that we do not have right now. In some cases AI is a plus: if you see this pioneer italian start up YAMGU, a social travelling APP you will appreciate the fact that gives you the ability to create your itinerary based on meteo conditions, queue at the museums and so on, a sort of “Google maps” for tourism. It’s so pretty!
Intesa San Paolo and the Ministry of Cultural Heritage and Activities have signed a plan for the period: 2017-2022. The major objectives are:
- Innovation, integration and qualification of National Supply;
- Expanding competitiveness of tourism system;
- Developing marketing (this is a great point for Italy, we need to be proficient in advanced marketing strategies based also on Social Networks);
- Efficient Governance in order to elaborate a tourist politic (that is unfortunately a huge problem since we switch Government almost every year and there’s often a lack of continuity. I hope that at least in this crucial sector for our Country there will be a common ground – if the Government will change…)
Pray they will give a hand to this wonderful sector since Italy has in its sole 50% of the UNESCO artistic heritage.
See you, have a good evening,
FrancescaFebruary 12, 2019 at 0:31 #3430
@danielafiorellino thanks for the article about brands who are using FR. The most interesting is the one about coffee. Similarly I found out that KFC China is pioneering FR (since 2017) but as we were talking about, in this Country there’s a sort of violation of privacy so, I retain that this approach will be a huge problem for who eats at KFC (even if the company is assuring that their data are highly secured and not used for other purposes), don’t you think?
I agree with the quote you shared but I also believe that it would be a pity if accidentally some data were sold to Governments or used for other intentions. So, big companies should be very careful with FR, in order to avoid this issue and as @davidetoniolo agreed, not to cause a sort of bombardment for us, consumers.
@serenavineis maybe your idea of using robots in advertising avoiding real testers will be a real implementation of AI. As written in the article about the robot that I shared above, if progress and innovation lead to a “real human” robot, I believe that your idea will be ready to develope! We could learn from machines and company will learn from them too! It’s a sort of circle among humans, robots and companies.
@valentina I saw “JOY” too! Connecting that movie to our forum, I only see that classical “tangible” innovations like dishwashers, fridges and in this case mops are rarer and rarer to find because nowadays there are more “intangible” innovations that generate enhancements to this “tangible” products that someone had invented some years ago.
@serenavineis I completely agree with you about education of Social Networks because a lot of people act without thinking about the consequences. @davidetoniolo you’re right saying: “we don’t really learn until we have had our nose bleed at least two times, or seen somebody else do it.”, but young boys and girls need to be educated so that they can understand what is wrong and what is right since they have access to billions of contents and they are fragile. Not only education but also a parent’s check everyday.
@gianlucabelloni, surely the probable merging by Zuckerberg will create problems of privacy to users. But I believe that they will be more accurate and precise to define privacy settings and also to regulate properly this merging in order to prevent Zuckerberg’s companies to collapse at the Stock Exchange as previously did Facebook when came up that our data were sold without knowing it!!!!! (we are talking about billions flown away, not cents…).
Did you know that from 10 to 12 of this month there is an exhibition (BIT: Borsa Internazionale del Turismo) at FieraMilanoCity regarding innovations in tourism? A topic area is BETECH which involves 41 start ups (I love the start ups: “Food for Dogs” and “TripDoggy”). The hot topic there is Hospitality 4.0 which uses IoT, AI, Virtual Reality and Big Data in tourism. Give it a look and let me know what you think about!
PS: we could really meet for an “aperitivo”.
Have a good night,
Francesca TomaselloFebruary 6, 2019 at 13:05 #3416
As we were talking about some some some posts above, there are yet many problems to make a robot thinking and act without any human help.
So, I want to share with you this article of 30.01 of Columbia University NY: ” A Step Closer to Self-Aware Machines” because it’s really linked to it.
Columbia University’s researchers have created a robot that learns what it is, from scratch, with zero prior knowledge of physics, geometry, or motor dynamics. After some days of attempts and within a day of computing, this robot creates a self-simulation. In this way it adapts to different situations. This is a first step towards an indipendent robot, that could think itself (in the future..) as they wrote.
But its creators, Lipson and Kwiatkowski are aware of the ethical implications. “Self-awareness will lead to more resilient and adaptive systems, but also implies some loss of control,” they warn. “It’s a powerful technology, but it should be handled with care.” So, we need to stay aware too, even if the new robot is a disruptive progress!
Have a good day.
Francesca TomaselloFebruary 4, 2019 at 17:37 #3412
Good afternoon everyone!
Thank you @peppuz for your explanation! You’re right to clarify all the specifical concepts that seem to us very similar even if they’re different! We need an IT specialist in this forum 🙂
In the Moral Machine’s test (here you can do your own test) I got these results:
– most saved character: dog;
– most killed character: old lady;
I can explain you these strange results: I gave priority to laws and regulations. In this way I gave “the chance to live” to all people or animals who were crossing the road when the traffic light was green. When it wasn’t, and people/animals were crossing, I chose to “punish” them. It’s obviously an extreme result, and I retain that if I am in that situation I will surely save people instead of animals, even if they’re crossing the road with the red traffic light. A question came into my mind: do the cars recognize (before the accident) if the traffic light is green or red? And do they recognize if there’s a young person or an old one? I mean that it’s really difficult to do this actions few seconds before the crash… What do you think about it?
@davidetoniolo thanks for your update on this issue! Smith says: “I do not understand an argument that companies should avoid all licensing to any government agency for any purpose whatsoever” and “There are certain uses of facial recognition that should cause concern and should cause everyone to proceed slowly and with caution. That’s certainly what we’re doing and we’re very worried about situations where facial recognition technology could be used in a manner that would cause bias or discrimination”. So, he is in favour of FR but under a clear and defined regulation specifically talking about people’s privacy, discrimination, democratic freedom and human rights. I agree with him, and I think that if I were him I will state the same position. But nowadays, as @jessinthebox96 rightly wrote, facial recognition is not a process that produces 100% correct results, but there’s a confidence threshold.
The main problem is, in my opinion, this confidence threshold: we could use FR after other ways of individual recognition, but in order to double check one person’s identity. Using FR without other methods, could be very dangerous. Gave a look at this article: SARI, police’s FR software (used in UK and in Italy too), is not so precise and the dimostration of this was registered during a match between Juventus and Real Madrid in 2017. The number of errors was 92%. So only 8% of criminals were identified. The algorithm can make two errors:
- False positive (innocent incriminated);
- False negative (criminal not recognized).
The false negatives are surely a problem, since a real criminal is not identified and can act undisturberly. But also the number of false positives which increases as the number of people to identify is bigger and bigger is a BIG problem. Innocent people are detained by the authorities (this is not so happy) and then their face go into a database. I think that I would be very annoyed if an agent detained me and my face went into a database…. What about you? In conclusion, we should use FR as a second/third/fourth… method to analyze one’s identity, not the FIRST.
@jessinthebox96 you’ve shared two sides of the same coin. I mean that I agree partly with you because the first situation is positive since you give away your data in order to have a better train service (everyone pays so there will be more money to invest in innovation and maintenance of trains and so on…). On the contrary with “FaceFirst”, I agree with you that it’s strage that even a private can use a demo version of this software, but there’s the same issue at the bottom: you always give away your face, your personal data! I’m willing to give away my face for better train service, but who can assure me that my data won’t be used for other purposes? There’s a lack of regulation, and I hope in the next future it will be implemented. I have the same idea for tickets at concerts.
Last but not least: FaceMe is an innovation in marketing! But we are already receiving customized adverts based on our researches on Google, for example, since cookies exist. We can disable them but not at all. Obviously they’re not so precise in tracking our preferences (because they do not know if we search something just to know about it or because we might like it) and in this way, FaceMe would help better companies to understand what a consumer likes or dislikes, seeing his/her face expressions! I retain that is a little overstated, because we loose our curiosity to look for new things. If everything (or almost everything) we might appreciate come to us without any effort, we are lazier and less interested in search for different models of things, news, ecc.
@valentina Andy Wharol’s prophecy is really true, but not everyone is acting this way (thanks God!). I think exactly as @serenavineis about Facebook’s article. It will take a lot of time to relaunch its position.
@serenavineis your thoughts about the future of Social Network is something that I believe in too. Surely in the future there will be a change in their use, as TV an Radio have changed their way to communicate (think about advertising), they will also transform! Here you can find some theories about their near future, especially in terms of marketing and advertising!
Have a good day!
Francesca TomaselloFebruary 3, 2019 at 11:38 #3403
@serenavineis very interesting articles about facial recognition! This is an example of AI used for medicine (epilessy, specifically). But as we all agree, it’s better it won’t be developed for political, economic purposes! As @davidetoniolo, I agree on the fact that FR in this sectors can be misused. But it seems that emotions and AI will be one of the hot topics in 10 years, as Gartner with the Hype Cycle has set (remember the article and the graph that I’ve posted before). My hope is that as AI develops, even law and regulation evolve and so their proficiency will be better. We NEED this!
Regarding self-driving cars and the issue of who saving during an hypotetical car crash, it’s a moral problem. As the research shows, algorithms which are based cars on, are decided and created by humans and in this way, there is an agreement between companies (producers of self-driving cars) and governments or supranational organizations. I found out that in Germany there’s one of the first ethical commission that works to produce a code to legislate on these themes (yes, of course, BMW and Volkswagen). SO, what is the final choice? How to decide, in a same situation, to save a pedestrian woman or man? Or between two people, who is on the left or in the right? This problem is not so easy to resolve, because this technology is based on logical algorithms that assign different weights to different variables or constants. And at the moment, ethics and AI are not “speaking” the same language. There’s a lot to do.
I found really interesting the article talking about the new language of the two robots! But as the researchers pointed out, it was an inefficiency of the program. But guess what, the company involved in this new was FACEBOOK. I think that it was a further way to shed light on the company.
Your question “how one can be analog in a digital system?” it’s an actual theme because as Eurostat has inspected (2017), old dependency ratio in Italy is 34,8, the highest level of EU. By saying that I want to highlight the consistency of over 65, people who are not born with computers and so on. Here you can find lots of data from ISTAT that analyze the use of new technologies by old people. The conclusion is that there’s a sort of digital primitivism among old people. For example, my grandparents: they would be more comfortable using their passports instead of facial recognition. But besides that, it’s evident that every big invention has always brought irreversible changes in people’s lives: 1st, 2nd, 3rd industrial revolutions are the precursors of the 4th industrial revolution (we are livin’ it!). Technology and AI are undeniable!
Have a great weekend!